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Glossary

VOTRIENT

Glossary

Use this glossary any time you need to get a better understanding of some of the standard terms used. You can also ask your health care provider to clarify any of these terms during your appointments.

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Sometimes kidney cancer cells spread to lymph nodes or other parts of the body. Even though the cancer cells have spread to other parts of the body, your health care provider will still call it kidney cancer, because that is where the cancer cells started.

A biopsy is the removal of cells or tissues so they can be viewed under a microscope to check for signs of cancer.

A CT scan is a procedure that creates a series of detailed images from different angles of areas inside the body.

Fatigue is extreme tiredness.

Hematuria is blood in the urine.

Hypertension is another term for high blood pressure.

Kidney cancer occurs when cells start to grow out of control in the kidney.

A lesion is an area in an organ or tissue that has been damaged through injury or disease.

This procedure uses a magnet, radio waves, and a computer to create detailed images of areas inside the body.

In some cases, a medicine that was working to treat a patient’s cancer stops working. This is called treatment resistance. When this happens, your health care provider will work with you and let you know of other treatment options to be considered.

A type of targeted therapy used to treat certain types of cancer. It blocks the action of enzymes called tyrosine kinases. These enzymes may be too active or found in high levels in cancer cells.

VEGF is a protein that is important in the growth of blood vessels to supply nutrients to the tumor cell.

VOTRIENT is used to treat adults with metastatic renal cell cancer, a form of kidney cancer. VOTRIENT may shrink or slow the growth of kidney cancer for a period of time. VOTRIENT is not a cure for kidney cancer.