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Diagnosis

Advanced Renal Cell Cancer

Diagnosis Diagnosis

How advanced renal cell cancer (advanced kidney cancer) is diagnosed

Your health care provider will be able to explain in detail the process of diagnosis. If there is reason to consider a diagnosis of advanced kidney cancer, the following tests or procedures may be performed.

Staging of advanced renal cell cancer (advanced kidney cancer)

If you are diagnosed with advanced kidney cancer, your health care provider may perform additional tests to determine the stage of cancer.

 

If your health care provider finds a lesion that is advanced kidney cancer, the next step is to figure out how far the cancer has progressed. Staging tests for kidney cancer may include additional CT scans or other imaging tests.

 

After these tests are done, your health care provider will give the kidney cancer a number, called a stage. Cancer staging describes the extent of the cancer in the body. The stage is one of the most important factors your health care provider will use to decide how to treat your cancer.

 

Stages of Kidney Cancer

 

Diagnosis

Stage I

The tumor can be up to 2 3/4 inches (7 centimeters) in diameter. The tumor is only in the kidney.

Diagnosis

Stage II

Kidney cancer is larger than a stage I tumor, but it is still only in the kidney.

Diagnosis

Stage III

The tumor spreads outside the kidney to the surrounding tissue and may also have spread to a nearby lymph node.

Diagnosis

Stage IV

Kidney cancer spreads outside the kidney to multiple lymph nodes or to distant parts of the body, such as the bones, liver, or lungs. Stage IV disease is also referred to as advanced kidney cancer.

This information about kidney cancer and its different stages can be a lot to think about, but remember that your health care team is there to work with you.