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Diagnosis

Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

Diagnosis Diagnosis

How metastatic renal cell carcinoma is diagnosed

Your health care provider will be able to explain in detail the process of diagnosis. If there is reason to consider a diagnosis of metastatic renal cell carcinoma (advanced kidney cancer), the following tests or procedures may be performed.

Next steps after diagnosis of metastatic renal cell carcinoma

If you are diagnosed with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (advanced kidney cancer), your health care provider may perform additional tests to determine the stage of cancer.

 

If your health care provider finds a lesion that is metastatic renal cell carcinoma (advanced kidney cancer), the next step is to figure out how far the cancer has progressed. Staging tests for kidney cancer may include additional CT scans or other imaging tests.

 

After these tests are done, your health care provider will give the kidney cancer a number, called a stage. Kidney cancer stages include the following.

 

Stages of Kidney Cancer

 

Diagnosis

Stage I

The tumor can be up to 2 3/4 inches (7 centimeters) in diameter. The tumor is only in the kidney.

Diagnosis

Stage II

Kidney cancer is larger than a stage I tumor, but it is still only in the kidney.

Diagnosis

Stage III

The tumor spreads outside the kidney to the surrounding tissue and may also have spread to a nearby lymph node.

Diagnosis

Stage IV

Kidney cancer spreads outside the kidney to multiple lymph nodes or to distant parts of the body, such as the bones, liver, or lungs.

This information about kidney cancer and its different stages can be a lot to think about, but remember that your health care team is there to work with you.